National Archives "Today's Document"

National Archives Act

Tue, 2019-06-18 23:45

Signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 19, 1934, this act established the National Archives to centralize federal record keeping, with the Archivist of the United States as its chief administrator.

Read more in Prologue: Creating the National Archives...

The National Archives: Celebrating 75 Years...

Sally Ride — America’s First Woman Astronaut

Mon, 2019-06-17 23:12

"Sally Ride — America’s first woman astronaut..." (detail)
On June 18, 1983, Sally Ride became the first American woman in space on the Space Shuttle Challenger’s second mission.

More Resources on Space Exploration...
More Images of Women at Work...

A Break-in at the Watergate

Mon, 2019-06-17 00:06

Security Officer's Log of the Watergate Office Building Showing Entry for June 17, 1972 (detail)
During the early hours of June 17, 1972, Frank Wills was the security guard on duty at the Watergate office complex in Washington, DC.. This log shows that at 1:47 a.m. he called the police, who arrested five burglars inside the Democratic National Committee Headquarters. Investigation into the break-in exposed a trail of abuses that led to the highest levels of the Nixon administration and ultimately to the President himself. President Nixon resigned from office under threat of impeachment on August 9, 1974.

Read more at the Watergate files exhibit...

Blue Eagle of the National Recovery Administration

Sat, 2019-06-15 23:47

National Recovery Administration Blue Eagle (detail)
Following the enactment of the the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA), the National Recovery Administration (NRA) was established on June 16, 1933 in an effort by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to assist the nation's economic recovery during the Great Depression. The passage of NIRA ushered in a unique experiment in U.S. economic history—the NIRA sanctioned, supported, and in some cases, enforced an alliance of industries. The National Recovery Administration (NRA), created by a separate executive order, was put into operation soon after the final approval of the act. The administration was empowered to make voluntary agreements dealing with hours of work, rates of pay, and the fixing of prices. Patriotic appeals were made to the public, and firms were asked to display the Blue Eagle, an emblem signifying NRA participation.
Read more at the Our Documents

A Telegram from Jackie Robinson

Fri, 2019-06-14 23:03

Telegram from Jackie Robinson to President John F. Kennedy, June 15, 1963 (detail)

Jack Roosevelt Robinson (1919-72) was the first African American to "officially" play in Major League Baseball. When he retired from the game, Jackie Robinson went on to champion the cause of civil rights from his position as a prominent executive of the Chock Full o'Nuts Corporation.

In this telegram to President Kennedy dated June 15, 1963, he laments the recent murder of Medgar Evars and implores the President to halt the escalating violence.

Read more of Jackie Robinson's Civil Rights correspondence...

Design for American Flag with 50 Stars

Thu, 2019-06-13 23:31

Design for American Flag with 50 Stars, By Donald Edwards, 1959 (detail)
On June 14, 1777, the Continental Congress adopted the Stars and Stripes as the official flag of the United States. Flag Day has been observed in various forms since the late 1800s, but it wasn't until 1949 when Congress permanently designated June 14th as Flag Day. The image here is one submitted for the new 50-star design of the flag to reflect the admission of Hawaii as the 50th state in 1958. An 1818 law required a new star to be added for each new state admitted to the U.S. The law failed to describe how a new pattern for the stars should be configured so thousands of citizens, especially school children, sent their suggestions for a new flag design to the White House.
Read more at Designs for Democracy...

<em>Miranda</em> v. <em>Arizona</em>

Wed, 2019-06-12 23:05

Miranda v. Arizona, 06/13/1966 (detail)" />
In this milestone decision, the Supreme Court established the rights of criminal suspects during police interrogations, including the right to an attorney and the right against self-incrimination .
More Court Records in the Catalog...