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John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address

Sat, 2019-01-19 23:20

President John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address (detail)
On January 20, 1961, President John F. Kennedy delivered his inaugural address in which he announced that "we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and success of liberty."
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The Zimmermann Telegram

Fri, 2019-01-18 23:39

Zimmermann Telegram (detail)
This telegram, written by German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann and received by the German Ambassador to Mexico on January 19, 1917, is a coded message sent to Mexico, proposing a military alliance against the United States. The obvious threats to the United States contained in the telegram inflamed American public opinion against Germany and helped convince Congress to declare war against Germany in 1917.
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Jefferson's Secret Message to Congress

Thu, 2019-01-17 23:15

Jefferson’s Secret Message to Congress Regarding the Lewis and Clark Expedition (detail)
In this secret message of January 18, 1803, President Jefferson asked Congress for $2,500 to explore the West--all the way to the Pacific Ocean. At the time, the territory did not belong to the United States. Congress agreed to fund the expedition that would be led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark.
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Farewell address by President Eisenhower

Wed, 2019-01-16 23:10

Farewell address by President Dwight D. Eisenhower (detail)
On January 17, 1961, in this farewell address, President Dwight Eisenhower warned against the establishment of a "military-industrial complex."
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"to improve the civil service of the United States"

Tue, 2019-01-15 23:56

An Act to regulate and improve the civil service of the United States (Pendleton Act), January 16, 1883 (detail)
Following the assassination of President James A. Garfield by a disgruntled job seeker, Congress passed the Pendleton Act, establishing a merit-based system of selecting government officials and supervising their work. It was signed into law on January 16, 1883, by President Chester A. Arthur, who had become an ardent reformer after GarfieldÂ’s assassination.

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Portrait of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Mon, 2019-01-14 23:12

Portrait of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (detail)
Born on January 15, 1929, Martin Luther King, Jr. was a key leader of the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s in the United States. King and his followers fought for the equal rights and equal justice that the United States Constitution ensures for all its citizens. The great legal milestones achieved by this movement were the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. In the later 1960s, the targets of King's activism were less often the legal and political obstacles to the exercise of civil rights by blacks, and more often the underlying poverty, unemployment, lack of education, and blocked avenues of economic opportunity confronting black Americans.
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Day of Mourning for Martin Luther King, Jr.

Sun, 2019-01-13 23:25

Presidential Proclamation 3839 of April 5, 1968, by President Lyndon B. Johnson designating Sunday, April 7, 1968, as a day of national mourning for Martin Luther King, Jr. (detail)
Born on January 15, 1929, Martin Luther King, Jr. was a key leader of the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s in the United States. President Lyndon B. Johnson issued this proclamation for a national day of mourning after King was assasinated on April 4, 1968.
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