National Archives "Today's Document"

Walruses in an Arctic Pool

Sat, 2017-08-19 23:07

"Walruses in Pool" August 1901, Watercolor by Russell W. Porter (detail)
Dated August 1901, this watercolor was painted by Russell Williams Porter, an artist and surveyer for the the Baldwin-Ziegler Polar Expedition of 1901. A veteran of six Arctic trips between 1894 and 1903, Porter left behind an impressive collection of paintings, drawings, notebooks, journals, and correspondence.
More Arctic Sketches of Russell W. Porter in Prologue...

"Old Ironsides"

Fri, 2017-08-18 23:22

Constitution (detail)" />
On August 19, 1812, the USS Constitution earned its venerable nickname "Old Ironsides" when it defeated the HMS Guerriere in a renowned engagement during the War of 1812.

More about "Old Ironsides" in Prologue...

Women's Right to Vote

Thu, 2017-08-17 23:35

 Women's Right to Vote (detail)
Passed by Congress June 4, 1919, and ratified on August 18, 1920, the 19th amendment guarantees all American women the right to vote. Achieving this milestone required a lengthy and difficult struggle; victory took decades of agitation and protest. Beginning in the mid-19th century, several generations of woman suffrage supporters lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied, and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many Americans considered a radical change of the Constitution. Few early supporters lived to see final victory in 1920.
Read more at Our Documents...

Bombing Mission to Schweinfurt

Wed, 2017-08-16 23:20

"Track Chart of Bombing Mission to Schweinfurt, 08/17/1943 " (detail)
Shown here is a "track chart" of an American deep penetration bombing raid over Germany on August 17, 1943, by the Eighth Air Force’s 306th Bombing Group. The chart indicates the route to and from the target as well as encounters with anti-aircraft fire or "flak" and engagements with various types of German aircraft.
Read more in Prologue...

First Cruise of the Schooner USS <em>Grampus</em>

Tue, 2017-08-15 23:05

Grampus,' building at Navy Yard, Washington, DC" (detail)" />
On August 16, 1822, during its first cruise, the schooner USS Grampus encountered a Puerto Rico-based pirate ship flying Spanish colors and sailing under bogus privateer papers. The American ship quickly reduced the outlaw vessel to a floating wreck.

Sailmaker Charles Cassell drew this plan showing the size and shape of the schooner's sails.

More about the USS Grampus in Designs for Democracy...

Celebrating V-J Day in Paris

Tue, 2017-08-15 00:30

"American servicemen and women ... celebrate the unconditional surrender of the Japanese." (detail)
The surrender of Japan during World War II was announced on August 14, 1945. Taken on August 15, the caption of this photo reads: "American servicemen and women gather in front of ’Rainbow Corner’ Red Cross club in Paris to celebrate the unconditional surrender of the Japanese." The offical Instrument of Surrender would later be signed on September 2, 1945.
More Photos of V-J Day ...

More about the Surrender of Japan at Our Documents...

Social Security Act

Sun, 2017-08-13 23:15

Social Security Act (detail)
On August 14, 1935, the Social Security Act established a system of old-age benefits for workers, benefits for victims of industrial accidents, unemployment insurance, aid for dependent mothers and children, the blind, and the physically handicapped.
Read more at Our Documents...