National Archives "Today's Document"

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"Instructing Nurses on the Use of a Respirator..."

2 hours 4 min ago

"Instructing nurses on the use of respirator for a polio patient" May 23, 1958 (detail)
Dated May 23, 1958, the caption of this photo reads "Instructing nurses on the use of respirator for a polio patient."

This photo was part of the exhibit The Way We Worked, on display at the National Archives in Washington DC in 2006.
More photos from The Way We Worked...

Creation of the U.S. Colored Troops

Sun, 2017-05-21 23:08

 Creation of the U.S. Colored Troops (detail)
The War Department issued General Order 143 on May 22, 1863, creating the United States Colored Troops. By the end of the Civil War, roughly 179,000 black men (10 percent of the Union Army) served as soldiers in the U.S. Army, and another 19,000 served in the Navy.
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"Outdoor Market at Haymarket Square..." 05/1973

Sun, 2017-05-21 01:33

"Outdoor Market at Haymarket Square..."  05/1973  (detail)
Taken in May 1973 at Boston's Haymarket, this photograph is from the EPA's DOCUMERICA Program to document subjects of environmental concern in America during the 1970s. The caption reads: "Outdoor market at Haymarket Square. Public protest kept the square from becoming part of an expressway, 05/1973 "
DOCUMERICA: Snapshots of Crisis and Cure in the 1970s...

More DOCUMERICA photos in ARC...

Homestead Act

Fri, 2017-05-19 23:14

Homestead Act (detail)
Passed on May 20, 1862, the Homestead Act accelerated the settlement of the western territory by granting adult heads of families 160 acres of surveyed public land for a minimal filing fee and 5 years of continuous residence on that land.
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Goods Aboard the <em>Mount Vernon</em>

Fri, 2017-05-19 00:00

Mount Vernon, May 19, 1803 (detail)" />
Dated May 19, 1803, this "Return of Goods" lists much of the exported cargo aboard the Ship Mount Vernon on its maiden voyage from Salem, Massachusetts. The "Return of Goods" indicates where and when these goods were originally brought to Salem; much of it had been imported from the West Indies and the East Indies.
Read more about the voyage of the Mount Vernon...

<em>Plessy</em> v. <em>Ferguson</em>

Wed, 2017-05-17 23:05

Plessy v. Ferguson (detail)" />
Issued on May 18, 1896, the ruling in this Supreme Court case upheld a Louisiana state law that allowed for "equal but separate accommodations for the white and colored races." It was not until the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas and congressional civil rights acts of the 1950s and 1960s that systematic segregation under state law was ended.
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<em>Brown</em> v. <em>Board of Education</em>

Tue, 2017-05-16 23:20

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (detail)" />
In this milestone decision, the Supreme Court ruled that separating children in public schools on the basis of race was unconstitutional. It signaled the end of legalized racial segregation in the schools of the United States, overruling the "separate but equal" principle set forth in the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson case.
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